Any bankruptcy that will be declared open as from 1 April 2017, has to be registered and kept in
the Central Insolvency Register instead of the Commercial Courts Registry.
The Central Insolvency Register, hereinafter referred to as "the Register", is the computerized database in which bankruptcy files are registered and retained (www.regsol.be).
As a result, all documents and records relating to the bankruptcy file have to be electronically registered, managed and stored in such database.
The creditors, who before were required to file a statement of claim at the commercial court, will have to do this electronically in the Register.
An exception is provided for individuals and legal entities established abroad who are not represented by a legal professional. They are not obliged to deposit electronic documents in the Register. In that case, the documents may be deposited with the bankruptcy receiver, who issues a receipt, converts the received documents in electronic form, declares their conformity, and loads them into the Register.
The register contains all data and documents relating to the bankruptcy proceedings and is
deemed to be the authentic source for all acts and data recorded therein.
The period of retention of the data will be 30 years from the date of the final judgment of the bankruptcy. At the end of this period, the data are deposited in the State Archives.
The register is set up and managed jointly by the Belgian (Flemish, French and German speaking)
Bar Associations, hereinafter referred to as "the Manager".
The Manager is responsible for monitoring the operation and the use of the register.
The Manager will, in accordance to the legislation relating on the personal data, inform any interested party about :
1° the data concerning him;
2° the categories of persons who have access to the registered data;
3° the retention period for the data;
4° the controller;
5° the manner in which it may obtain access to the data in the register.
The Manager will collect a fee for:
The amount of the fee varies according to the quality of the party using the Register, the
deposit and the value of the assets of the bankruptcy.
The filing of a declaration of debt with a possible consultation of the bankruptcy file or the consultation of the bankruptcy file without a declaration of debt in Regsol costs 6 €.
Managing a bankruptcy file via Regsol costs 0 EUR per year for bankruptcies with assets of 0 to 1500 EUR, 25 EUR per year for bankruptcies with assets of 1500 to 5000 EUR and 295 EUR
for bankruptcies with assets of more than 1501 EUR.
The Manager is considered to be responsible for the processing of personal data and has to
designate a data protection officer.
This data protection officer is more particularly charged:
1. with the provision of qualified advice on the protection of privacy, the security of personal data and information and the processing thereof;
2. to inform and advise the Manager dealing with personal data of its obligations relating to the data protection obligations and the general framework of data protection and privacy;
4. to be the point of contact for the Commission for the Protection of Privacy;
5. the performance of other privacy and security tasks determined by Royal Decrees.
In carrying out its duties, the data protection officer acts independently and reports directly
to the Manager.
The rules on the basis of which the data protection officer carries out his tasks will still be determined by royal decrees.
The access to the register includes the right of consultation, the right to draft as well as all
communication made through the register following the access rights.
The annexes to the Royal Decree of 27 March 2017 specify :
• Who has the right of consultation and with respect to what data and materials;
• Who has the right to draft in respect of which data and materials;
For each document mentioned in the bankruptcy law, it is determined, depending on the author, who can consult it and/or who has the right to draft (including the signature).
In the course of carrying out their legal duties, magistrates, clerks, public prosecutors, prosecutors' secretaries, bankruptcy receivers, judges as well as the bankrupt enterprise, the creditors, third parties who provide legal advice and assistance and the manager have access to the data in the Register, which is relevant to them.
Creditors will have access to the bankruptcy file through the bankruptcy receiver.
The Manager is not authorized to communicate registered data to other persons.
In the performance of its statutory duties, the Caisse de Dépôts et Consignations has the right of access to the Register and to access to all communications through the register.
Anyone having access to the Register is bound by professional secrecy.
Anyone who participates in any way in the collection, processing or communication of the data in the Register, or who is aware of such data, is bound to respect its confidentiality.
Access to the Register will further be determined by royal decrees.
All notifications made in a bankruptcy file by the clerk will be made either by court letter or
by an electronic act.
All communications and deposits between bankruptcy receivers, judges, clerks, public prosecutors and prosecutors' secretaries shall be effected through the Register.
The following categories of personal data relating to the bankrupt, creditors, bankruptcy receivers and judges are processed in the Register:
1° identification data, namely the data that uniquely identify the bankrupt, creditors, bankruptcy receivers and judges;
2° the legal data, namely the data relating to the bankruptcy file, in particular:
In practical terms, this means, inter alia, that from now on:
Now that the bankruptcy file will be fully managed and held electronically, bankruptcy
proceedings can probably be handled more efficient and quicker.
This will lead to a saving of time and expenses for all parties, and a reduction in the workload of Courts.